Tuesday, July 16, 2013

Student Engagement Through Choice Writing

Hello I'm Kristy from the 2 Peas and a Dog Middle School Teaching Blog . I am so very excited to be guest blogging today at Teaching Through Turbulence. I am an 8th grade teacher from Ontario, Canada.

When I first started teaching 6 years ago, the buzz word was "differentiation". I attended several workshops on this topic and my favourite strategy to gets students writing was to create RAFT assignments.

RAFT stands for Role, Audience, Format, Topic. As the teacher you create one writing assignment with several writing choices on the same theme. At the top of this blog post you can see an example RAFT I wrote based on a DRA assessment booklet story called "Northern Spirit". In the story the main character Jason moves from Montreal (an urban metropolis) to the Yukon (a remote territory in northern Canada) and has difficulties adjusting to life there.

After students read the story and answered the assessment questions, I wanted them to take their learning further so I created a RAFT writing assignment with four choices. Students have a choice of line 1 -4. You read a RAFT by choosing a role and then following the audience, format and topic of that role.

As a teacher you tier the activities so they meet a variety of learning styles and abilities. On this assignment students have a choice of: an email, a top 10 list, an explanation letter or a poster, that way students can response to the same story in a variety of ways. As the teacher I am assessing their ability to gather information from the story and other sources for use it in their final product.

Students need choice to keep them engaged in their writing, but they also need guidelines. This type of assignment provides both student choice and structured guidelines, therefore limiting unwanted behaviours in your classroom.

Thanks for reading this post, and I hope it gives you another tool in your box of ideas. You can also find 2peasandadog on:
2 Peas and a Dog Teaching Blog
Teachers Pay Teachers


  1. Just finished a grad class this week where we explored RAFT in more depth. It's a great way for kids to show what they know, at their level. Good stuff!

  2. You know, I've heard of this but cannot recall ever trying in my second language classes. Can't see any reason why that would be a BAD idea though! Thanks for the clear explanation... I've shared your post on my facebook page.

    Mme Aiello @ Teaching FSL


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